Hair transplant procedures have been significantly improved since the time they were first performed. Older procedures were neither minimally invasive, nor aesthetically pleasing, leaving many patients disappointed with the results.
Today, these issues have been addressed by the development of the micrografting procedure that changed the face of hair transplant.
With the help of micrografting, hair surgeons have managed to transplant hair in a way that looks natural and appealing. This procedure is now used in most hair transplant surgeries.
Micrografts are a cluster of around 3 or 4 hair follicles, which are transplanted from the donor area to the balding areas of the scalp. If the transplant is carried out correctly, the patient’s hair will have the same natural look as in the donor area, without anyone being able to tell the difference.
This result was cumbersome to achieve with traditional methods, which used to adorn people with hair plugs that could not pass as natural looking. Hair plugs turned heads for all the wrong reasons. Micro grafts have certainly put a stop to this trend and largely contributed to hair transplant becoming a procedure that can meet the practical and aesthetic exigencies of patients.
People who opt for hair restoration surgeries today, can benefit greatly from micro grafts as hair surgeons are able to achieve natural looking hairlines. However, given that these grafts contain only a few hair follicles, they are not used in creating a full, thick head of hair. Micro grafts are used mainly for the front of the scalp and edges of the hair, while mini grafts, containing 3 to 8 hair follicles, are used to provide fullness in central areas of the scalp, and where they can blend in with your natural hair without looking fake.
On their own, mini grafts look unnatural, especially if someone would decide to shave these grafts after the surgery; however, combined with the micro grafts on the leading edges, they lose their unnatural look and provide that sought-after fullness that patients aspire to.
Micro-grafting is an important achievement in hair transplantation, finally putting an end to hair plugs, which were circular grafts with a diameter from 2 mm to 5 mm cut with an instrument called trephine, and which were placed into the balding area.
Today, in the case of follicular unit transplantation (FUT), the donor tissue is harvested with the help of a multi-bladed knife. The thin strips are usually around an inch wide and 5 inches long.
The skin where the donor tissue is harvested from is stitched together and left to heal. A stereomicroscope is used to divide the micro grafts into a variety of grafts ranging from mini grafts containing 8 hair follicles to micrografts with 2-3 hair shafts. Once prepared, these grafts are transplanted to the recipient sites in a pattern that will reflect the pattern of natural hair growth.
Micrografting has proven to be an invaluable discovery in the field of hair transplant. It is responsible for making hair restoration a painless and a significantly less invasive procedure compared to classic methods.